Dehydrating is the process of removing water from food products. This is not only one of the oldest proven and effective methods of processing and preserving food products, but also one of the few methods that allow preserving food values.
What food can be dehydrated and what rules should you follow? It is fruit, vegetables, meat, fish, mushrooms, herbs, spices.
Choose ripe, fresh and healthy vegetables and fruits. The products selected for drying should be well washed, peeled, if necessary, it’s better to remove freestones, cores, stems.
The vegetables like carrots, parsley, kohlrabi, celery must be cut into pieces or grated before dehydrating. The quality of dried fruits and vegetables also depends on the temperature at which they are dehydrated. At the beginning of dehydration, it is necessary to keep the temperature low. If the temperature is high, it can spoil the food. Its surface will become stiff, and water from the middle of the fruit won’t leave, so the fruit can crack, moreover, the juice will flow out. That is why, after the initial dehydration, when the required amount of water leaves the fruit, the temperature can be increased. Then, dehydrate the fruit at low temperature.
What are the advantages of dehydrating food?
- If you dehydrate food at home, you completely control the process, in other words, you are confident that you eat. The process to dehydrate food is simple enough. You can pick up basic dehydrators on eBay or any other sites.
- Food products retain their natural taste and color, the result is significantly superior in quality to any other methods of preservation. For instance, dehydrated tomato has a wallop of flavor that it’s impossible to find in a fresh slice.
- You preserve and increase the nutritional value of food. All the water-soluble vitamins and minerals are maintained.
- Dehydrated food is a healthy snack. You’ll never be bored because there will be a variety of dried fruits and vegetables with you. First, you eat apple slices, then peach ones, strawberries and so on.
- You can use dried products (e.g. spices) as an addition to other dishes. When you dehydrate herbs, you won’t have rot herbs in the fridge and have to pay for them again.
- You reduce the size and weight of dried food products, so that their storage does not cause any trouble. You can put dehydrated food in large glass jars and neatly arrange them on the shelf or in any place you like.
- You save by spending less money on more expensive canned products bought in the store. Remember that there are great bargains when a particular vegetable or fruit is in season. And you can both save a little sum of money and supply yourself with tasty food.